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Finding the right used tipper truck for sale is usually harder than with other types of trucks. The nature of the work involved with most tippers means that they are more likely to have been bashed around somewhat. A life on building sites or roadworks with a rocky payload being dropped from a height makes life tough for many tippers. That said, tippers are designed to carry out these tasks. If well maintained, you will find plenty of excellent tippers for sale at Truckpages that have many more years and miles left in them at a fraction of the price of a new truck or trailer.
You can find tippers from just 3.5 tonnes GVW – like a Transit or a Sprinter – to the 7.5 tonnes workhorse right the way up to 8×4 8 wheel tippers with bulk waste or insulated tipping bodies. For the newcomer to buying a used tipper truck or trailer we have put together a short guide.
For on-road use, the heaviest permitted rigid tipper truck (that is not pulling a trailer) is 32 tonnes gross vehicle weight. This includes the truck and the payload. Weighing in at over 14 tonnes, these 4-axle ‘8 wheelers’ have payloads of around 18 tonnes. Less popular are tipper trailers (as they are less stable). A tri-axle tipping trailer and 3-axle tractor unit can have a gross train weight of 44 tonnes which easily makes a payload of 28 tonnes+
Make sure that the body is as light as possible – consider an aluminium body if possible. Lighter alloy wheels help in reducing unsprung weight. Aim for the smallest, lightest day cab available. If there is a choice of engine swept volume for the same power output, always aim for the smaller engine. Use the smallest fuel tank available and fill it with enough fuel for the day’s work.
Not an easy one to answer. Looking at the numbers sold, Scania or Volvo are the most popular at the heavier 32 tonne end. For lighter tippers, DAF and Iveco perform well, although for the highest payloads at 7.5 tonnes GVW the Isuzu N75 or Mitsubishi Fuso Canter are popular.
The market leader for the large end of the tipper truck market is Charlton Bodies. Boweld is another popular manufacturer as is Thompsons. At the lighter end of the market with tipping bodies for 3.5 tonnes and 7.5 tonners are Tipmaster, Ingimex, VFS and Truckcraft.
There is a trade-off between weight and durability. Use more aluminium for lightness (and better payload) and more, heavier steel for strength and durability. It is possible to have a body built with a combination of both materials adding lightness and strength where suitable.
First of all, let’s take a look at the types of tippers across the weight range.
These types of tippers – as with most are typically bought for local work. This means that usually they will be fitted with steel dropside bodies. There are some available that are totally or partially made from aluminium. The upside to aluminium is the lightness and therefore improved payloads it affords, but the downside is that they are typically less durable than their steel counterparts. This is true across all the weight ranges of tipper trucks & trailers.
A typical application for these tippers will be for local builder’s merchant deliveries or general building work. For more specialist applications you will see the tippers fitted with cages on top of the dropsides. These are used for horticultural applications – tree felling, general gardens maintenance or waste collection and recycling.
Often these tippers will be fitted with a tow hook as they will have been towing a chipper for tree work or a small compactor or generator for small road repair work.
Take a general look around the body to check for any repairs that have not been made correctly. Pay close attention to the inside of the cab as they are likely to have taken a bashing in certain industries. Teams of road repair workers are not famous for their gentle touch and this will extend to the time spent in the cab.
Make sure that you fully test the operation of the tipping body. It is ideal if you can test these loaded – not always possible at a truck dealer’s site, but maybe if you are buying directly from an operator.
An even more specialist truck is a 7.5 tonnes tipper with a small crane attached. This turns the truck into a really flexible workhorse – although you will really require the use of a crane and not be loading up with anything heavy because at 7.5 tonnes GVW there will not be a great deal of payload left with a heavy tipping body and crane with all the relevant hydraulic rams, piping and reservoirs.
Buying a larger 4×2 tipper doesn’t differ greatly from their smaller 7.5 tonne siblings, with the exception that the drivers are likely to be more professional since they will all need an HGV licence. Of course, this is not guaranteed so it is important that you give the same checks to an 18 tonner as you would for a smaller tipper that can still be driven on a car licence with grandad’s rights.
At 18 tonnes GVW it is unusual to find many tippers – the incremental investment needed to operator a 26 tonne 6×2 tipper is not significant, but the additional payload makes all the difference. The 18 tonne examples have been used for first life operation typically in municipal activities, they may well have had a snow plough fitted to the front.
At this weight there may be some examples that have a crane fitted – usually with a grab bucket. At Truckpages we have a separate category for these – we call them ‘Grabloaders’ These are used for roadside repairs where holes have to be dug and a site cleared quickly.
The cab will usually be a day cab – this is to save on weight and maximise the payload size for a given wheelbase. The shorter the overall length the more manoeuvrable.
If you are involved in light quarry work, but especially in roadworks, then the three axle 6×4 , 26 tonne tipper is for you. With the double drive, the truck can cope with fairly uneven and slippery terrain but is compact enough for manoeuvrability on site.
For tarmac and other similar uses where sheeting the load is required, make sure you find a used tipper with an ‘Easy sheet’ system installed and that it is working properly. These systems make the day to day operation much more straightforward and safer as the load can be secured at the press of a button. Again, particularly for tarmac work, check the insulation on the body. An insulated tipper will keep the contents (Tarmac etc.) at their ideal temperature for longer when on route.
Many of these used 26 tonne 6×4 tippers are sent abroad for the export market.
These are the real workhorses of the construction industry. Clearing large sites, large scale roadworks – in fact any large-scale construction project will see 8-wheel tippers at their full 32 tonne capacity running around.
Payload is king, so a lightweight body is useful for this, but beware – the lighter the body, the greater the chance of damage. This is the decision you will need to make as a truck buyer – the trade-off between aluminium and steel bodies. The former is lighter, but the latter should last longer.
Not only is payload important, but so is turnaround time to get loaded and tipped. Here an easy sheet system to cover the load and an onboard weigher could save valuable time and therefore money. As with all of these ancillaries, make sure that they work perfectly as you will not want an additional repair bill.
8 wheel tippers are the enemy of urban cyclists. It is these types of trucks that seem to be involved in the majority of accidents involving cyclists. Because of this there are a number of additional safety features built into trucks that help the driver. The CLOCS scheme (Construction Logistics and Community Safety) has a series of guidelines to help operators to minimise risk. Download a copy here:
If there was a one answer fits all to this question there would only be one tipper chassis manufacturer in Europe. As it is, every manufacturer is targeting this market sector. What we can talk about are the most popular manufacturers – perhaps a conclusion can be drawn from this?
On the Truckpages website, where thousands of trucks of all types are advertised for sale, the most popular 8×4 tipper chassis is a Scania, followed by Volvo then DAF and Mercedes-Benz. MAN and Renault still play a part, but we see very few Iveco 8 wheel tippers coming up for sale.
What is meant here is a tipping semi-trailer, but in the UK, it is rare that we would use a drawbar combination for tipper operation, although it is a thing in continental Europe. Due to stability issues when tipping, we do not see tipping trailers on building sites too often – this is the domain of the 8-wheel rigid tipper.
The industries that use tipping trailers are waste and recycling. High cube trailers and relatively safe surfaces means that transferring bulk waste is more efficient using a tipping semi-trailer.
Bulk feeds are another area that takes advantage of the additional payload on offer – 44 tonnes gross train weight, as opposed to 32 tonnes with a rigid with only a reasonable increase in unladen weight.
Worth mentioning the walking floor or moving floor trailer and the ejector trailers. These perform a similar role to the tipping trailer, but they are more stable as they do not actually tip. The cargo is unloaded either by a ram that moves down the body (ejector trailer) or by the floor moving in such a way that it slides the load out of the back of the trailer. These are found often in the waste and foodstuffs industry.
This week sees a purposeful-looking DAF LF220 18 tonne tipper feature on the front cover. This Euro 6 truck comes from a water utility, is LEZ ready and is fitted with tar chutes. It looks in almost new condition from the photos so should sell fast at £25,950+vat. Click Image to Read Click to Read Page Turn Magazine Click Image to Read Use the form at the bottom of the page to add your email address to be advised every time the page-turn is published. Please contact us if you would like to be added to the mailing list to…
You don't see many of these about. This ex MoD Foden tipper has come from the reserve stock. Looking at the mileage reading of just 8,000kms, this truck that first went into service in 2003 still looks factory fresh as far as the cab and the body are concerned. It's an all wheel drive 6x6 truck with a 360hp Cummins engine and manual Eaton gearbox. Gross weight of 31 tonnes giving a payload of around 20 tonnes.. There are a couple of similar trucks going through the GPSV auction at the moment that ends on November 23rd. See the advert…
Leiths (Scotland) Ltd has added two new C430 8x4 tippers to its Inverness-based subsidiary, A Ross & Sons, opting for Renault Trucks owing to the manufacturer’s comprehensive dealer network coverage, the vehicle specification and proven reliability. Supplied by Renault Trucks Scotland, the C430s, fitted with Aliweld insulated tipper bodies, are additions to the A Ross & Sons mixed tipper fleet. Based out of the company’s Midlairgs Quarry, near Inverness, the vehicles deliver sand, aggregates and asphalt to customers across the North West Highlands from Fort William to Kishorn, Dufftown to the Isle of Skye and all points between. Bob Adamson…
We are seeing increasing numbers of DAF’s new generation XF and XG cabs on the UK’s roads. Now it is the turn of the latest XDC cab to roll out in numbers. Now there is a multi axle version available for tipping use, they should become a commonplace sight on the building sites of the UK. One of the first eight wheeler XDC trucks has headed off to Staffordshire-based waste disposal, skip hire and bulk haulage operator, Potteries Waste. The model is an XDC 450 FAD 8x4 tipper and joins a DAF-exclusive fleet of more than 20 vehicles. Potteries Waste…
MV Commercial have an interesting 32 tonne DAF CF400 mixer on this week's front cover. It is a 2016, Euro 6 truck fitted with a 2022 CIFA barrel mixer. Manual transmission and aircon are the truck's key features over and above the new barrel fitment. Check out the full details on the outside back cover of the magazine. Alongside this traditional barrel mixer sits a volumetric version mounted on an 2018 Scania G490 8x4 chassis. Ready to go to work, the Euro 6 truck has a FORS camera system fitted. Quality cement mixers do not come available too frequently, so…